Goals of the Course(JPN)
Goals of the Course
|International commercial arbitration is becoming more and more important in the field of cross-border disputed resolution. While most advanced nations already are already familiar with arbitration, there is a growing demand of expertise in this field in developing countries. The regulatory framework in the world is moving towards a “globalised” arbitration: there is widespread acceptance of international models as base for legislation (e.g., the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration) and the circulation of awards is made smoother by effective international instruments (e.g., the 1958 New York Convention of the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards), However, many countries are lagging back in term of effective appliance of those international tools: national resistances (both legislative, judicial and political) and the lack of arbitration theoretical and practical expertise among legislators, judges and professional operators is jeopardizing an effective and homogeneous success of arbitration all over the world. One tool to subvert this situation is trying to provide law students with a strong basis of notions in this field. This seminar focuses on both theoretical and practical issues in arbitration, covering a wide spectrum of subjects in order to provide a comprehensive picture of what international arbitration is.|
Objectives of the Course(JPN)
Objectives of the Course
|The aim of the seminar is to provide students with effective knowledge of international commercial arbitration. First, a general overview of the subject will be presented, in order to allow everybody to have a common frame of reference. Then, each single phase of the procedure will be analyzed in detail, from the arbitration agreement to the recognition and enforcement of the award. To better understand the interaction between theoretical and normative framework and practical problems, students will have to read and comment also on materials taken from actual cases. After the end of the seminar, students should have acquired a good knowledge of, inter alia, the UNICTRAL Model Law, the New York Convention and the main problems and issues which are currently debated among arbitration scholars and practitioners.|
Course Content / Plan
|Structure of the Course / Schedule授業の構成・計画|
Introduction to the seminar
Layout of the seminar
Short explanation of the lecture plan
Introduction to the readings
Explanation about evaluation procedure
What is International Commercial Arbitration?
Key elements of arbitration
Advantages and disadvantages
Arbitration and litigation
Arbitration and conciliation
Arbitration = ADR?
Sources of international commercial arbitration
(Reading: Gary B. Born, “Planning for International Dispute Resolution”, in Journal of International Arbitration, 17, 3, 2000, pp. 61 - 72)
Types of Arbitration
Institutional (administered) arbitration
Ad hoc arbitration
Arbitration according to the law/ex aequo et bono
Arbitration involving States
(Reading: Margaret Moses, “Introduction to International Commercial Arbitration”, in Loyola University Chicago School of Law, Public Law & Theory Research Paper no. 2011-27)
Arbitration agreements and submission agreements
Requirements for validity…
…existing or future disputes, in respect of a defined legal relationship
…subject matter is capable of settlement by arbitration
Separability of the clause
Multi-tiered and finger-point agreements
(Readings: Mitsubishi v. Soler Chrysler-Plymouth, 473 U.S. 614 (1985); examples of defective clauses)
Law applicable to the Arbitration agreement
Law applicable to the Arbitration procedure
Law applicable to the merits
State law/Soft law
Different approaches to applicable law
(Reading:  EWCA Civ 19 Beximco vs. Shamil)
The Arbitration Tribunal and the Arbitrator
Appointment of Arbitrators
Qualities of the Arbitrators
Validity of Special Requirements
Powers of the Tribunal (incl. Kompetenz kompetenz)
(Reading:  EWCA Civ 712 Jivraj v Hashwani)
Interim Assesment and Discussion
Independence, Neutrality and Impartiality
Challenge and Replacement of Arbitrators
(Reading: selected cases of Independence and Impartiality declarations)
How to start an arbitration
Professional Ethics in International Arbitration;
(Readings: IBA International Principles on Conduct for the Legal Profession; Rules of Ethics for International Arbitrators)
Arbitration and the Courts
Enforcing the clause, jurisdiction
(Reading: C v D  EWHC 1541 (Comm))
Structure of the Award
Orders, Interim Awards, Final Awards
(Readings: Luca G. Radicati di Brozolo, “Res Judicata and International Arbitral Awards”, in Pierre Tercier (ed.) Post Award Issues. ASA Special Series n. 38, 2011. Arbitral Award, parties omitted)
Enforcing and Challenging an Arbitral Award
New York Convention
Refusal to recognize and enforce: reasons
Ground for Challenge
(Readings: William W. Park, “Duty and Discretion in International Arbitration”, in American Journal of International Law, 93, 805, 1999. Renusagar Power Co. Ltd vs General Electric Co on 7 October, 1993 – pp. 1-25)
Notes on International Investment Arbitration
Peculiarities of Investment Arbitration
BITs, ICSID, etc.
Assessment and discussion
Course Prerequisites and Related Courses
|There is no precondition to take this course|
Course Evaluation Method and Criteria
|Interim (40%) and Final (40%) Assessment.|
Contribution to the debate and attendance (20%)
Pass: Credit is given for C
Students need to take both the interim and final assessment to pass. In case they are unable to take either they must contact the instructor in advance.
|Due to the peculiar nature of the seminar, there is no need of a general textbook for students. Lessons will be based on specifically created PowerPoint presentations. Also, copies of some relevant readings will be distributed to students on a regular basis, via the online syllabus system. However, as a support textbook, students may want to use N. Blackaby, C. Partasides (with Alan Redfern and Martin Hunter), Redfern and Hunter on International Arbitration – Student version, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 6th edition, 2016.|
|Readings will be distrubuted using the NUCT system|
Study Load(Self-directed Learning Outside Course Hours)
|Students should read the assigned materials when needed.|
In case of absence, please contact the instructor to get class notes.
Notice for Students
|Mandatory attendance is required. Students failing to attend at least 70% of the classes will automatically fail.|
Lecture format, etc.
Combination of face-to-face and remote (interactive communication class) classes. Remote classes are conducted via Teams, Zoom, etc.
*Guidance will be posted on NUCT if there are any changes in the class format, etc. after registration.
List of hybrid classes employing both face-to-face and remote teaching methods will be posted in the "News" of the homepage of the Graduate School of Law.
*If there are any changes in the teaching methods after the period of course registration, it will be announced on NUCT.
Additional measures for remote class (on-demand class)
Remote classes are conducted via NUCT. Questions to instructors should be asked using the NUCT "Message" function.
Student discussions will be conducted using the NUCT "Message" function. (If the instructor has added the "Forum" function, the "Forum" can also be used.)
Follow your instructor's directions if your instructor has any other directions.