Undergraduate / Graduate
Courses Offered by the Graduate School of Law
|Comparative Studies in Public Administration|
|荒見 玲子 ○|
|ARAMI Reiko ○|
Term / Day / Period
|秋 水曜日 １時限|
Fall Wed 1
Goals of the Course(JPN)
Goals of the Course
|This course has several purposes: (1) to learn about administrative theory in general, in terms of institutional theory, public management, and public policy, (2) to know more about the development of the Japanese administrative state and bureaucracy, and how these work, (3) to discuss current issues corresponding to institutional reform, such as the 2001 central government restructuring, NPM, decentralization, and electoral reform, among others, (4) to know more about your country’s development of the administrative state and bureaucracy, and how these work, by addressing these issues above.|
Objectives of the Course(JPN)
Objectives of the Course
|At the end of the course, students will be able (1) to explain the characteristics of Japanese administration, bureaucracy, and policies from the perspective of comparison with their own country,
(2) to explain to others the relevant systems, issues, and their own opinions on the topics covered in the media, (3) to explain to others the contents and their own opinion on the policy issues in several fields in Japan with interest, (4) to recognize social issues and to think of at least two partial solutions to them from the perspective of public administration and public policy studies.
Course Content / Plan
|“Public Administration” or “Government Activities” are closely related to our daily life. From the time we are born, there is no moment in our contemporary life in which we are not involved with government affairs. Government, such as executive branches at the central and local levels, consist of various aspects, such as bureaucracy, organization, public management, and public policy. How do these aspects affect and shape the world we live in? How do we distinguish the executive system/public administration from the legislative system and the judicial system? What is public administration?
Turning our eyes to the comparative perspective, Japanese bureaucracy was well-known for its strong administrative state over both politics and the market until the 1990s, based on a strong economy. However, these characteristics are stereotypes. In addition, they have changed over time through several reforms. What has changed?
The course consists of 1 weekly student presentation regarding the readings, and lectures in which I will present on public administration and public policy issues in Japan based on the readings, such as from textbooks, papers, and book chapters, and student discussions that I will facilitate. Questions and discussions comparing your own country and Japan on each topic are strongly encouraged.
I'd like to focus more on public management issues.
Lecture 1:Class Introduction
Lecture 2:Introduction: How to study Public Administration and bureaucracy in Japan
Part 1: How Administrative Government Evolved
Lecture 3:Emergence of Bureaucracy, Comparative Perspectives: History of the Feudal System, Modernization, the Japan Emperor System, Democratization after 1945.
Lecture 4:Expanding Public Services: The Development of Administrative State and Welfare State
Lecture 5: New Public Management (NPM) and Government Restructuring.
Lecture 6: The Executives, Agency and Civil Service System based on the Parliamentary System
Lecture 7: Intergovernmental System and Local Governance: Decentralization, Local Autonomy and Local Executives in Prefectures and Municipalities
Part 2: Bureaucratic Behaviors and Bureaucratic Autonomy: Function and Dysfunction
Lecture 8: Foundational Theory of Bureaucracy, Organization, and Administration.
Lecture 9: Behavior: Organizational Learning, Culture, and Structure versus Turf-War
Lecture 10: Bureaucratic Performance, Bureaucratic Capacity, and Public Service Motivation
Part 3: Control over Bureaucracy
Lecture 11: Planning, and Rulemaking
Lecture 12:Human Resource Management and Budgetary System
Lecture 13: Evaluation, and Accountability
Lecture 14& Lecture 15:Wrap up and Student Presentation
Course Prerequisites and Related Courses
Course Evaluation Method and Criteria
|Grades will be earned on the basis of five components:
class presentation (40%) class participation (20%), and final presentation and papers (altogether 40%).
A minimum grade of C (60%) of the total is necessary to receive a passing grade.
(20%) Class Participation: The class participation grade is based on participation and attendance in the class.
(40%) Class Presentation: At the beginning of each class, there will be a 10-minute student presentation of the reading materials. Once or Twice presentations during the semester are required. (It depends on the participants of the class).
(40%) Final Presentation and Papers (5-6 pages, single-spaced)
|I will upload the syllabus and the reading list, a part of which are updated every year, on NUCT at the beginning of the course.
Please look them through in advance so that we decide the course schedule in the first class.
|If you would like to learn more, please read the following books.
* Christopher Pollitt, 2016. Advanced Introduction to Public Management and Administration (Elgar Advanced Introductions), Edward Elgar Pub.
ISBN-13 : 978-1784712334
*Guy Peters, 2018. The Politics of Bureaucracy: An Introduction to Comparative Public Administration, Routledge, 7th edition.
ISBN-13 : 978-0415743402
Study Load(Self-directed Learning Outside Course Hours)
|Students must read the materials before each class.
Each student will be required to present at least one paper from the reading list, write a final research paper and give a 15-minute presentation on a topic of interest related to issues in the course.
All readings in the syllabus are required unless marked as optional. The readings and related materials can be found on the NUCT website for the course. We also highly recommend reading a national newspaper regarding Japanese public policy (the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Los Angeles Times, the Daily Yomiuri, and the Nikkei Asian Review, among others) so that you are aware of public policy development in Japan that emerge this semester.
Notice for Students
|Two points are noted: First, this course addresses theories generated in Japan and the U.S. and which have evolved over time. Public administration studies were born in the U.S. in the 19th century. Public Administration in Japan was significantly affected by U.S. studies, especially administrative theory, organizational theory and bureaucratic politics in the U.S., although the reality of the democratic system and the challenges are very different. As a result, Japanese public administration theory has developed from two directions, namely the theoretical and the practical: it mainly imported U.S. theory, on the other hand, the challenge surrounding government affairs in Japan has been tackled apart from theory. However, theory has evolved and diverged by incorporating other social sciences, such as theoretical research and empirical research since the 1990s.
Second, this course sometimes refers to political science, sociology, management, public law and public finance due to the fact that these studies are also related to public bureaucratic organizations. However, these are not exhaustively examined in consideration time constraints. Please review the related materials on your own and do not hesitate to ask questions.
Lecture format, etc.
|It will be announced just before the beginning of the fall semester.
List of hybrid classes employing both face-to-face and remote teaching methods will be posted in the "News" of the homepage of the Graduate School of Law.
*If there are any changes in the teaching methods after the period of course registration, it will be announced on NUCT.
Additional measures for remote class (on-demand class)
Remote classes are conducted via NUCT. Questions to instructors should be asked using the NUCT "Message" function.
Student discussions will be conducted using the NUCT "Message" function. (If the instructor has added the "Forum" function, the "Forum" can also be used.)
Follow your instructor's directions if your instructor has any other directions.